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MassGIS Datalayer De Facto StandardGeospatialZoning
Massachusetts Office of Geographic Information
| Version: 2.1
Standard specifies zoning (GIS) data for jurisdictions across the state of Massachusetts
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: MassGIS is an official state agency in charge of collecting, storing and disseminating geographic data. Their work includes establishing a comprehensive, statewide database of geographic information
  • Updated by Publisher: 5/1/2012
  • Level of Use: This standard is used for every jurisdiction in Massachusetts except Boston (this is the most widespread zoning standard available at the moment)
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Zoning laws are riddled with localized idiosyncrasies. Therefore devising a standard the would span jurisdictions would be very difficult
  • Stakeholder Participation: Government body has only authority over standard
  • Consensus-based Governance: No mailing list or opportunity to pull requests/file issues on a public forum
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: MassGIS stores the data in a statewide ArcSDE layer named ZONING_POLY'
  • Human Readable: Data can be opened in GIS platforms such as ArcGIS and QGIS
  • Requires Real-Time Data: MassGIS has not formal method to handle updates for zoning
  • Metadata: Metadata included in the HTML format
Added to directory: 8/1/2016
Land Based Classification Standards (LBCS) - OWL2GeospatialZoning
American Planner's Association (APA)
| Version: No information
LBCS standard intends to categorize dimension or urban space and provide information about land use. Standard breaks up classification into Activity, Function, Structure Type, Site Development Character, and Ownership
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: American Planner's Association is an urban planning organization
  • Updated by Publisher: 4/1/2001
  • Level of Use: Unsure if any city governments actually apply this standard to their open zoning data
  • Open License: No information
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Coding of LBCS makes it possible to break down the data so it may be aggregated to larger jurisdictions. In addition, the standard organizes the terminology for classifying land use and typically is implements within a relational database of geo-referenced spatial units
  • Stakeholder Participation: APA devised the standard along with six other federal agencies
  • Consensus-based Governance: Standard has no mailing list or forum to offer advice/file issues with publishers
  • Extensions: Format is modular so that data can be shared, reused, and extended
  • Machine Readable: LBCS suggests storing multidimensional land use data in relational databases. The LBCS allows each concept to be modeled off an OWL class. Can establish a hierarchical structure for through the OWL subclass system. However, these schemas are NOT mandatory for LBCS adoption. Data for the standard is intended to be georeferenced
  • Human Readable: Standard utilizes defined vocabularies, semantics, and identifiers to categorize schema. Standard can be used for classifying georeferenced spatial units that are stored in a shapefile
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: The standard moves towards applying the OWL2 ontology language for the Semantic Web. This structural framework applies extensive literature logic that can be manipulated with OWL2 tools
Added to directory: 8/1/2015
OpenAddress SpecificationGeospatialAddress Points
OpenAddress
| Version: No information
OpenAdress Specification builds an open resource for geocoding at the global level
Details
  • License: BSD 3-clause New or Revised License
  • About the Publisher: OpenAddress is an open data initiative that aims to establish an open, world wide resource for address information. Collection was originally compiled by Ian Dees
  • Updated by Publisher: 7/11/2017
  • Level of Use: 477,280,973 addresses have been processed as of August 30, 2017
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The specification has been far reaching and is relatively easy to handle and implement. However, there are legal issues involved with building a database such as this
  • Stakeholder Participation: Address points are crowdsourced. Anyone can contribute to their wiki and on GitHub. Code for America has contributed a continuous integration service. This web service helps build participation and automatically updates the system within days
  • Consensus-based Governance: Standard is posted to GitHub. Have the option to pull requests and post to the GitHub issue tracker
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: Data is stored in JSON/GeoJSON format
  • Human Readable: Standard uses clearly universally understood identifiers to label the data
  • Requires Real-Time Data: This metric doesn't really apply to this domain, considering that addresses do not change over time
  • Metadata: There is a list of attribute tags (they are optional) that store metadata. These tags include information about the source website, its license, a human readable note, whether the license requires attribution, and email of the data provider
Added to directory: 8/30/2017
Spanish Postal AddressesGeospatialOntologyAddress Points
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.2
Vocabulario para la representación de direcciones postales en España is an ontology for describing address locations in Spain.
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 4/28/2014
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names that are not inherited are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: Contributors are not specified
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Extends schema.org vcard ontology
Added to directory: 8/29/2017
StreetsGeospatialOntology
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.3
Vocabulario para la representación de un callejero is an ontology for describing municipal streets in Spain. It is being developed in conjunction with VPDA - Spanish Postal Addresses and VPDA - Spanish Administrative Land Units
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 4/28/2014
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names that are not inherited are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: The contributors to this vocabulary includes members of Spanish city councils
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Extends geoSPARQL, DCMI, GeoNames, and schema.org ontologies
Added to directory: 8/29/2017
Spanish Administrative Land UnitsGeospatialOntology
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.5
Vocabulario para la representación de unidades territoriales en España is an ontology for describing the types of territories that are found in Spain. This includes counties, municipal districts, and census tracts. All classes are related to pre-defined classes from extended vocabularies
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 5/3/2014
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names that are not inherited are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: The contributors to this vocabulary includes members of Spanish city councils
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Extends geoSPARQL, GeoNames, and schema.org ontologies. Also extends the Modelo de direcciones de la Administración General del Estado v.2
Added to directory: 8/29/2017
Regional Land Information System (RLIS) DiscoveryGeospatialZoning
Metro Data Resource Center
| Version: 2.9.5
This standard indicates boundaries for zoning
Details
  • License: Open Commons Open Database LIcense and Content License
  • About the Publisher: RLIS is a government body that gathers and publishes geographic data for the Portland metropolitan area
  • Updated by Publisher: 3/17/2015
  • Level of Use: Greater Portland Region, Oregon
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Zoning laws are riddled with localized idiosyncrasies. As a result, devising a standard that spans jurisdictions has proven to be difficult
  • Stakeholder Participation: Metro regional government is the only contributor to the standard's development
  • Consensus-based Governance: Standard has no mailing list or way to offer advice/file issues with publishers
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: Shapefile with attribute data stored in a data table
  • Human Readable: Data can be opened and read in GIS platforms such as ArcGIS and QGIS
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Zoning is updated only when data is received from local city and county jurisdictions - city data override county data (when they overlap)
  • Metadata: Metadata required in XML and HTML formats
Added to directory: 8/1/2016