National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)CrimeCrime Statistics
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
| Version: 3.1
Every year the FBI releases the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR), which compiles crime data from law enforcement agencies across the US. The NIBRS was created to facilitate the compilation of the UCR by standardizing the formats of the crime data.
  • License: Licensed by the FBI
  • About the Publisher: The FBI is the United States' federal law enforcement agency which operates under the Department of Justice.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-02-01
  • Level of Use: Only particiapating law enforcement agencies submit their crime data to the UCR. Since a new NIBRS XML structure was released in late 2012, many participating law enforcement agencies still choose to use the legacy ASCII NIBRS schema. In 2013, NIBRS had 6,328 participating agencies, covering a population of 92.7 million
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: NIBRS details federal crimes in the USA, which differ from federal crimes in other jurisdictions.
  • Stakeholder Participation: No information
  • Consensus-based Governance: No information
  • Extensions: Some states, such as Texas and South Carolina, include additional crime data as required by the state. These additional data are appended to the appropriate segment type or form a new segment
  • Machine Readable: Formerly ASCII text formatted, with lines separated by a newline character. Currently an XML schema
  • Human Readable: No information
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Released annually
  • Metadata: Metadata provided includes MARC21 XML, Dublin Core, and JSON
Added to directory: 2017-06-15
SPOTCrime Open Crime Standard (SOCS)CrimeCrime Statistics
Colin Drane
| Version: No information
SOCS is a standard for police agencies to publish public crime data uniformly. It requires fields such as date and time (in ISO format), locale, and incident type
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: SPOTCrime is an independent publishing company that plots the locations of various crimes on a Google Map. The company is supported through ad revenue
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-03-17
  • Level of Use: Cities that have adopted SOCS include Philadelphia, Denver, San Fransisco, Chicago, Albuquerque (all in USA)
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Catapult is a complimentary, open source software that stores the data in CSV files and makes it easier for smaller police departments with less resources to publish the data
  • Stakeholder Participation: Created privately by a citizen developer
  • Consensus-based Governance: Comments can be made on SOCS GitHub page, but specification appears to be maintained by one entity
  • Extensions: SOCS specifies a list of required fields, but most users of SOCS include additional fields and descriptions
  • Machine Readable: Acceptable formats according to the SPOTCRIME standard are XML, RSS feed, CSV, RDF, JSON, TXT, XLS(X), and KML
  • Human Readable: Standard utilizes identifiers and organizes data by type of crime
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Standard dictates data be updated on a daily basis
  • Metadata: Standard doesn't explicitly require metadata. However, many examples of SOCS implementation include a zip file containing metadata
Added to directory: 2017-06-26