Akoma NtosoLegislatureLegislatureMetadata
| Version: 3
Akoma Ntoso (Architecture for Knowledge-Oriented Management of African Normative Texts using Open Standards and Ontologies) introduces common structures and ontologies for parliamentary, legislative and judiciary documents. These include parliamentary debates, committee briefs, and the entire life-cycle of a piece of legislation
  • License: GNU General Public License 3.0
  • About the Publisher: OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) is a nonprofit organization that develops and promotes the use of standards in the a wide range of fields. Akoma Ntoso is part of the Africa i-Parliaments Plan, implemented by a UN committee, which seeks to increase transparency in African democracies. Akoma Ntoso means linked hearts in the Akan language
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-03-30
  • Level of Use: Detailed List:
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The standard is designed to be general and applicable to all governments with parliamentary, legislative, and judiciary procedures
  • Stakeholder Participation: Technical committee headed by a legal studies professor and computer science professor from University of Bologna, as well as an employee of the Uruguayan parliament
  • Consensus-based Governance: Akoma Ntoso working group exists on Google Groups. Guidelines for contributions are also specified in the GitHub Repository
  • Extensions: Akoma Ntoso website has a page on How to customize Akoma Ntoso
  • Machine Readable: XML schema
  • Human Readable: Sections of text normally expressed as paragraphs are split up by line in the XML. Legal docs are visually better represented as PDFs
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Akoma Ntoso items are static, referring to a document or legislative proceeding
  • Metadata: All Akoma Ntoso items are mapped to specific Dublin Core or FOAF properties
Added to directory: 2017-06-27
Local Legislative ProceduresLegislatureOntology
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Vocabulario para la representación de procedimientos administrativos ofrecidos por un ayuntamiento is an ontology for describing procedures, documents, and regulations published by local Spanish governments
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-10-07
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain. Data class and property names are in Spanish, and likely use terminology specific to Spanish government
  • Stakeholder Participation: Authors include a member of the Zaragoza City Council and two members of OEG
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: There are three formats for downloading serialized schema: N Triples, RDF/XML, and TTL
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation. This vocabulary extends GeoNames,, and other OEG public sector ontologies
Added to directory: 2017-08-30
James McKinney
| Version: No information
Ontology for government votes, actions, and structures. The scope of this standard includes persons, organizations, membership (to a party), government posts, legislative motions, speeches and more. The standard was designed as a simple and transferable vocabulary for sharing international government open data
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: James McKinney has contributed to and authored many open data standards. He is prominent in the field of open government data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-05-27
  • Level of Use: Users include Granicus, mySociety, OpenNorth,, Open Civic Data, and Sunlight Foundation
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Popolo supports the development of reusable open source components that implement the specifications, making it easier for civic developers to create civic software. Popolo also supports multilingual response with a header specifying languages
  • Stakeholder Participation: James McKinney is the only named author of Popolo
  • Consensus-based Governance: The standard's specification is improved through a consensus process in line with IETF definition
  • Extensions: Allows for use of terms outside the specification only where the specification's terms are insufficient
  • Machine Readable: JSON output documents must validate against provided JSON or JSON-LD schema
  • Human Readable: Different options for serialization, including JSON and XML, have readable attribute names
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Metadata headers required in RDF or JSON-LD document. Reuses DCMI metadata terms, as well as ontologies from W3C, IETF, ISA, GeoNames, OSCA, Bibliographic Framerwork Initiative, and Open Data Institute
Added to directory: 2017-11-22