eXtensible Business Reporting Language (xBRL)FinanceBusinessMetadata
| Version: 2.1
xBRL consists of formats for different kinds of business documents, such as financial statements, performance reports, or compliance reports. The standard formats allow the documents to be transmitted and parsed between entities easily
  • License: Copyright XBRL International
  • About the Publisher: XBRL International is a non-profit consortium committed to improving business reporting in the public interest by maintaining a standard format for exchanging reports
  • Updated by Publisher: 2013-02-20
  • Level of Use: Used by national and international financial agencies such as the FDIC. Also used by many international corporations
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: xBRL was created to be used by businesses worldwide
  • Stakeholder Participation: The XBRL Consortium has a portal for contributing to the standard and otherwise getting involved in XBRL work
  • Consensus-based Governance: Many large working groups contribute to different aspects of the standard and its extensions
  • Extensions: Extensibility is included as a design principle. A Link Role Registry exists for users to share additional roles for reuse
  • Machine Readable: XML schema
  • Human Readable: Data values are often coded
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Reports are encoded and transmitted case-by-case
  • Metadata: Includes reference to instance and instance
Added to directory: 2017-06-19
Akoma NtosoLegislatureLegislatureMetadata
| Version: 3
Akoma Ntoso (Architecture for Knowledge-Oriented Management of African Normative Texts using Open Standards and Ontologies) introduces common structures and ontologies for parliamentary, legislative and judiciary documents. These include parliamentary debates, committee briefs, and the entire life-cycle of a piece of legislation
  • License: GNU General Public License 3.0
  • About the Publisher: OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) is a nonprofit organization that develops and promotes the use of standards in the a wide range of fields. Akoma Ntoso is part of the Africa i-Parliaments Plan, implemented by a UN committee, which seeks to increase transparency in African democracies. Akoma Ntoso means linked hearts in the Akan language
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-03-30
  • Level of Use: Detailed List:
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The standard is designed to be general and applicable to all governments with parliamentary, legislative, and judiciary procedures
  • Stakeholder Participation: Technical committee headed by a legal studies professor and computer science professor from University of Bologna, as well as an employee of the Uruguayan parliament
  • Consensus-based Governance: Akoma Ntoso working group exists on Google Groups. Guidelines for contributions are also specified in the GitHub Repository
  • Extensions: Akoma Ntoso website has a page on How to customize Akoma Ntoso
  • Machine Readable: XML schema
  • Human Readable: Sections of text normally expressed as paragraphs are split up by line in the XML. Legal docs are visually better represented as PDFs
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Akoma Ntoso items are static, referring to a document or legislative proceeding
  • Metadata: All Akoma Ntoso items are mapped to specific Dublin Core or FOAF properties
Added to directory: 2017-06-27
Traffic Management Data Dictionary (TMDD)TransportationTrafficMetadata
Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
| Version: 3.03d
TMDD is a standard for traffic management centers to communicatie between themselves to cooperate in the management of roads and incidents
  • License: Copyright ITE and American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
  • About the Publisher: The Institute of Transportation Engineers is an international association of transportation professionals that applies new technology to the design and management of ground transportation
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-07-25
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The vocabulary included in the TMDD is very thorough and broad. There are few required fields in the schema and it is applicable to many fields of traffic management. The standard allows extensions.
  • Stakeholder Participation: Contributors consisted of members of the IT sector, the engineering sector, and public agencies such as CalTrans and the City of LA
  • Consensus-based Governance: No information
  • Extensions: As long as additional features do not conflict with (i.e. substitute) TMDD features, extensions are permitted, but must be defined in a namespace separate from the copyrighted TMDD namespace
  • Machine Readable: XML schema
  • Human Readable: Element names are somewhat cryptic
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Provided metadata XML schema must be imported in header
Added to directory: 2017-06-15
Humanitarian Exchange Language (HXL)ServicesMetadataEmergency
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
| Version: 1
Simple, hashtag-based standard to improve data sharing during humanitarian crises. Tags are added to a spreadsheet as a second row underneath headers, providing a standardized classification of the column's contents. Maintained by UN OCHA, with participation from a group of agencies, NGOs, and donors.
  • License: GNU General Public License 2.0
  • About the Publisher: The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) coordinates effective and principled humanitarian action after major disasters. OCHA promotes disaster preparedness and prevention and facilitates sustainable solutions
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-03-18
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Can be applied to any humanitarian spreadsheet data
  • Stakeholder Participation: This standard is published by a working group that includes representatives from the Humanitarian Innovation Fund, IOM, OCHA, Save the Children, UNHCR, UNICEF, USAID, the World Bank, and the World Food Program
  • Consensus-based Governance: No information
  • Extensions: It is impossible for the working group to anticipate the needs of every sector, cluster, and organisation, so there is a well-defined mechanism for creating extension hashtags and attributes.
  • Machine Readable: HXL hashtags and attributes improve automation and interoperability for spreadsheet-style data.
  • Human Readable: Most aid data lives in spreadsheets, not databases or mobile apps.
  • Requires Real-Time Data: HXL supports all types of data, including real-time reporting, information about the past, and forecasts for the future.
  • Metadata: HXL encourages the addition of date, source, and similar metadata to each row, but because it is a retrofit standard (for use on top of existing spreadsheets and templates), it does not *require* that metadata.
Added to directory: 2017-11-27
Statistical Data and Metadata eXchange (SDMX)MetadataOntology
| Version: 2.1
SDMX is an ISO standard designed to describe statistical data and metadata, normalise their exchange, and improve their efficient sharing across statistical and similar organisations. It provides an integrated approach to facilitating statistical data and metadata exchange, enabling interoperable implementations within and between systems concerned with the exchange, reporting and dissemination of statistical data and their related meta-information. SDMX documentation consists of technical standards (including the Information Model), statistical guidelines, and an IT architecture
  • License: Free License
  • About the Publisher: SDMX is sponsored by seven international organisations including the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the European Central Bank (ECB), Eurostat (Statistical Office of the European Union), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD), and the World Bank. These organisations are the main players at world and regional levels in the collection of official statistics in a large variety of domains (agriculture statistics, economic and financial statistics, social statistics, environment statistics etc.).
  • Updated by Publisher: 2011-04-01
  • Level of Use: Many implementations of SDMX worldwide by national and international statistical organizations
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This standard can be used to share metadata universally.
  • Stakeholder Participation: SDMX is a collaboration of seven international organizations
  • Consensus-based Governance: No information
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: SDMX message formats have two basic expressions, SDMX-ML (using XML syntax) and SDMX-EDI (using EDIFACT syntax and based on the GESMES/TS statistical message).
  • Human Readable: No information
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Some datasets require up-to-date data to increase the timeliness of statistics collection, exchange, and dissemination
  • Metadata: All metadata is fully described in the SDMX information model to make the data meaningul and process them. Metadata is a priority of SDMX
Added to directory: 2017-07-21