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Open311 Inquiry APIPublic FacilitiesServices
OpenPlans
| Version: 1
Open 311's Inquiry API is a standardized protocol for information about public spaces and services. The Open311 Inquiry API consists of a set of content related to the services provided by the city, a city facilities list (concerning meaning not GIS, although there will be geospatial attributes for the facilities), and a RSS feed that contains information about daily status of public services and facilities.
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: OpenPlans is a non-profit, technology based organization that aims to open up government data and improve public transportation systems
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-04-14
  • Level of Use: Standard has only been adopted in NYC
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Potential to expand. At the moment, version 1 is specific to NYC
  • Stakeholder Participation: Public can contribute to the standard's 'issue tracker' on GitHub
  • Consensus-based Governance: Mailing List for ideas for development, inquiries, and concerns
  • Extensions: Open311 Today is an RSS feed that provides updates on daily schedules for public facilities and services
  • Machine Readable: Retrieves the data in XML format (and support JSON structure when indicated by API)
  • Human Readable: Schema has resource identifiers
  • Requires Real-Time Data: 311 Today consists of a RSS feed that streams data about daily schedules and statuses of government services/facilities
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-07-09
Traffic DataTransportationOntologyTraffic
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Vocabulario para la representación de datos sobre tráfico is an ontology for describing traffic data and traffic measurement infrastructure. Should be used in conjunction with VPDA - Streets
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-06-21
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: Contributors are not specified
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation. This vocabulary should be used in conjunction with VPDA - Streets
Added to directory: 2017-08-29
Local Legislative ProceduresLegislatureOntology
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Vocabulario para la representación de procedimientos administrativos ofrecidos por un ayuntamiento is an ontology for describing procedures, documents, and regulations published by local Spanish governments
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-10-07
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain. Data class and property names are in Spanish, and likely use terminology specific to Spanish government
  • Stakeholder Participation: Authors include a member of the Zaragoza City Council and two members of OEG
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: There are three formats for downloading serialized schema: N Triples, RDF/XML, and TTL
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation. This vocabulary extends GeoNames, schema.org, and other OEG public sector ontologies
Added to directory: 2017-08-30
OpenTrailsGeospatialEnvironment
Code for America, The Trust for Public Land, GreenInfo Network, Trailhead Labs
| Version: 1.1
The Open Trail System Specification (OpenTrails) defines a simple, common format for public trails and associated geographic information. OpenTrails allows public land agencies to publish their trail data and developers to write applications that consume that data in an interoperable way.
Details
  • License: MIT
  • About the Publisher: Code for America is a non-profit that promotes the use of technology to improve local government and public services
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-05-08
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Trail geographic data can be serialized regardless of jurisdiction
  • Stakeholder Participation: Several public and private organizations participated in the creation of this standard
  • Consensus-based Governance: Comments are welcome on the standard's working draft (Google Doc) and changes can be discussed
  • Extensions: Several “extension profiles” with specific key-value pairs are outlined in an appendix to the working draft. These include extensions for accessibility, winter use, automotive use, mountain biking, and jurisidiction boundaries
  • Machine Readable: csv and geojson files have standardized headers
  • Human Readable: All fields except lat-lon coordinates are readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Some files in the OpenTrails data model serve as metadata for other datasets
Added to directory: 2017-12-18
Election Markup Language (EML)ElectionsElection ResultsHardware
OASIS Election and Voter Services Technical Committee
| Version: 7
The standard supports the end to end process of the election system. The intent of the standard is to 'develop a standard for the structured interchange among hardware, software, and service providers who engage in any aspect of providing election or voter services to public or private organizations...' (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Election_Markup_Language). This is a much more comprehensive schema than the other election data standards observed in this list. In addition, this standard engages in high level election processes
Details
  • License: OASIS Open 2011
  • About the Publisher: OASIS Election and Voter Services Technical Committee is committed to the technical development, refinement and formalization of election standard documents. *Technical Committee was closed in July of 2015 by the OASIS TC Administrator
  • Updated by Publisher: 2011-10-27
  • Level of Use: Ohio, USA, used the standard in their 2014 elections
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The standard requires a common terminology and definition of election processes so it can be understood and applied across national boundaries. Standard claims to be multilingual, multinational, flexible, adaptable, and technology agnostic, making it easier to adopt across a wide array of jurisdictions
  • Stakeholder Participation: The standard is managed by members of the OASIS Technical Committee. In order to contribute to the standards development, there is a public mail list that acts as a forum for developers to contribute and exchange ideas and advice about the standard's implementation. An individual must subscribe to comment list to provide feedback. https://www.oasis-open.org/committees/comments/index.php?wg_abbrev=election
  • Consensus-based Governance: According to Ron Rivest, EML is a 'consensus-based, publicly available common format that enables the exchange of electronic records between different components in election systems'
  • Extensions: The standard extends so not to change the election process. Implementers of the standard plan on providing a complementary document for a specific election scenario that clarifies security issues raised in the election process
  • Machine Readable: EML is a XML based standard. The structure of the schema consists of vocabulary (the EML core) and individual message schemas
  • Human Readable: EML uses attribute IDs and standard election vocabulary
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Standard requires data from various stages of the election process life cycle
  • Metadata: Standard allows for optional information to be included in the header. Some XML messages require the managing authority and date of issue
Added to directory: 2017-07-09
Humanitarian Exchange Language (HXL)ServicesMetadataEmergency
UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
| Version: 1.0
Simple, hashtag-based standard to improve data sharing during humanitarian crises. Tags are added to a spreadsheet as a second row underneath headers, providing a standardized classification of the column's contents. Maintained by UN OCHA, with participation from a group of agencies, NGOs, and donors.
Details
  • License: GNU General Public License 2.0
  • About the Publisher: The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) coordinates effective and principled humanitarian action after major disasters. OCHA promotes disaster preparedness and prevention and facilitates sustainable solutions
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-03-18
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Can be applied to any humanitarian spreadsheet data
  • Stakeholder Participation: This standard is published by a working group that includes representatives from the Humanitarian Innovation Fund, IOM, OCHA, Save the Children, UNHCR, UNICEF, USAID, the World Bank, and the World Food Program
  • Consensus-based Governance: No information
  • Extensions: It is impossible for the working group to anticipate the needs of every sector, cluster, and organisation, so there is a well-defined mechanism for creating extension hashtags and attributes.
  • Machine Readable: HXL hashtags and attributes improve automation and interoperability for spreadsheet-style data.
  • Human Readable: Most aid data lives in spreadsheets, not databases or mobile apps.
  • Requires Real-Time Data: HXL supports all types of data, including real-time reporting, information about the past, and forecasts for the future.
  • Metadata: HXL encourages the addition of date, source, and similar metadata to each row, but because it is a retrofit standard (for use on top of existing spreadsheets and templates), it does not *require* that metadata.
Added to directory: 2017-11-27
Building & Land Development Specification (BLDS)BuildingsBuilding Permits
Accela, BuildFax, Buildingeye, Civic Insight, DR-i-VE Decisions, SiteCompli, Socrata, Zillow
| Version: 1.2
A specification for building and construction permit data. Comprises of basic required fields and optional dataset fields. Data about building permits are a good proxy for economic activity. Therefore, more accessible data about permits informs data users about the well-being (or lack of well-being) of a community. In addition, opening up this information helps establish trust between governing bodies and the public
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: Standard brings together publishers from the private sector and civic government. Collective process between stakeholders within the Housing and Real Estate field of the Open Data Network
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-08-04
  • Level of Use: The cities that have adopted BLDS in draft stage include Alameda, CA, Bernalillo, NM, Omaha, NE, Deschutes, OR, Charlotte, FL, San Diego, CA, Reno, NV, Framingham, MA, Seattle, WA, Boston, MA, Fort Worth, TX, Tampa, FL, Chattanooga, TN
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The fields for the specification are intentionally few and broad so that the standard may be applied across jurisdictions more easily. Creators of the standard struggled with compromising between granular level data (good for consumers) and more universal data the could applied over a wider range of jurisdictions. Meant to be adopted by large and small cities across the east and west coasts
  • Stakeholder Participation: Collaborative effort by tech. companies, government, and stakeholder groups
  • Consensus-based Governance: Standard includes an Issue tracker on the GitHub repository. It is also possible to contribute sample datasets, to 'pull requests' on GitHub, to post thoughts and advice in a provided discussion forum, and access their mailing list
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: Standard consists of CSV files saved as basic, separated .txt files. These are NOT variables in a program language or database engine. However, they still adhere to database normalization assuming data will be fed into RDSM. This multi-file database structure ought to be normalized. CSV file names are as follows: publication_info.csv, permits.csv, permits_history.csv, contractors.csv, permit_contractopr.csv, inspections.csv. Fields for each dataset are either required, recommended, or optional
  • Human Readable: Specification uses metadata, field identifiers and semantics
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Standard employs an optional permit status change dataset to track permit data over time
  • Metadata: Standard requires publication_info.csv file. This acts as a source of information about the data publisher, version of standard, data being published... etc
Added to directory: 2017-06-26
Voting Information Project (VIP) SpecificationElectionsVoter Precincts
Pew Charitable Trusts, Google, US State Governments
| Version: 5.1
Specification indicates voter precincts. The intent is for information disseminators to utilize the schema to provide all citizens with the information they need to cast a ballot
Details
  • License: Creative Commons-Attribution license, version 4.0
  • About the Publisher: The Pew Charitable Trusts is a non-profit, non-governmental organization. Google is a private technology based company
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-06-30
  • Level of Use: Only in the USA
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Easy to adopt for state and local elections in the USA. Simple formats (CSV and XML) increase adoption across jurisdictions
  • Stakeholder Participation: Government workers at the state level contribute to the publication of the VIP spec. The diversity of stakeholders encourages an inclusive open standard process
  • Consensus-based Governance: The project also has a mailing list for inquiries. Also can contribute to the VIP Community Google Group. Google forum is meant to 'foster a collaborative environment'. https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/vip-community
  • Extensions: TrusttheVote Project is working on making the standard include contest and question data, location data, result for each location and contest combination, performance and participation data
  • Machine Readable: XML and CSV format. Required top level tags include source object and election results object. These top level tags require an id attribute in order to uniquely identify them within the data file
  • Human Readable: According to the standard's specification, the VIP feed should be named vipFeed-[FIPS code for state or county]-[election year]-[election month]-[election day].xml
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No indication of when standard should be updated following an election
  • Metadata: Have metadata for political party. Otherwise not for metadata in standard's specification
Added to directory: 2017-07-09
Cultural EventsServicesOntologyCommercial
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Vocabulario para la representación de eventos de una agenda cultural is an ontology for describing local touristic or commercial events. It is cross-referenced with standard Event vocabulary
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-03-06
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: The contributors to this vocabulary include members of both state and city governments, and officials from the Ministry of Industry, Energy, and Tourism
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation. Extends VPDA - Urban Structures ontology. A flowchart in the documentation shows the relationships with schema.org classes
Added to directory: 2017-08-30
NIST Election Results Common Data FormatElectionsElection ResultsHardware
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
| Version: 1
The standard establishes a XML schema for the export and import of data from and to election process devices. The standard establishes a comprehensive UML model to map out and define the components of the general election process
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: NIST aims to promote standards, measurement science, and technology in a way that will boost society's quality of life and encourage economic competition and innovation
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-02-01
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: No information
  • Stakeholder Participation: No information
  • Consensus-based Governance: The standard hosts an issue tracker on GitHub
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: XML - based import/export format for election devices that handles the data. Schema is organized by elements and their attributes of the election process. Sub-elements refer to elements that are nested within other elements. Schema is in XSD format
  • Human Readable: The standard uses object identifiers and links elements within the electoral system. Standard also includes a glossary to ensure compliance and uniformity during implementation
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-07-09
Regional Land Information System (RLIS) DiscoveryGeospatialZoning
Metro Data Resource Center
| Version: 2.9.5
This standard indicates boundaries for zoning
Details
  • License: Open Commons Open Database LIcense and Content License
  • About the Publisher: RLIS is a government body that gathers and publishes geographic data for the Portland metropolitan area
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-03-17
  • Level of Use: Greater Portland Region, Oregon
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Zoning laws are riddled with localized idiosyncrasies. As a result, devising a standard that spans jurisdictions has proven to be difficult
  • Stakeholder Participation: Metro regional government is the only contributor to the standard's development
  • Consensus-based Governance: Standard has no mailing list or way to offer advice/file issues with publishers
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: Shapefile with attribute data stored in a data table
  • Human Readable: Data can be opened and read in GIS platforms such as ArcGIS and QGIS
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Zoning is updated only when data is received from local city and county jurisdictions - city data override county data (when they overlap)
  • Metadata: Metadata required in XML and HTML formats
Added to directory: 2016-08-01
Spanish Administrative Land UnitsGeospatialOntology
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.5
Vocabulario para la representación de unidades territoriales en España is an ontology for describing the types of territories that are found in Spain. This includes counties, municipal districts, and census tracts. All classes are related to pre-defined classes from extended vocabularies
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-05-03
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names that are not inherited are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: The contributors to this vocabulary includes members of Spanish city councils
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Extends geoSPARQL, GeoNames, and schema.org ontologies. Also extends the Modelo de direcciones de la Administración General del Estado v.2
Added to directory: 2017-08-29
Planning ApplicationsBuildingsBuilding Permits
Local Government Association (LGA)
| Version: No information
A CSV template for publishing the details of construction permit applications to English local councils.
Details
  • License: Data providers are encouraged to publish under the Open Government Licence. While the LGA maintains a copyright to the documentation, the standard does not appear to be licensed
  • About the Publisher: The Local Government Association represents the interests of English and Welsh municipal councils in national government. The LGA also promotes communication between local government authorities and develops best practices. LGA standards have been developed in response to the UK's Local Government Transparency Code, which encourages the publication of government data in standardized machine-readable formats.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-02-15
  • Level of Use: 376 District and County Councils are members of the LGA
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Many fields require URIs that are specific to UK legal code
  • Stakeholder Participation: The Local Government Association consists of local government officials who collaborate to develop best practices for local authorities, the would-be stakeholders.
  • Consensus-based Governance: Although schemas and documentation are held on GitHub, changes can only be decided by the LGA
  • Extensions: The LGA provides a CSV template, and extensions are not supported by the LGA data portal
  • Machine Readable: CSV format required
  • Human Readable: CSV template has readable headers
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Dates included in the applications are noted, as well as the date that the data was extracted from its source database, but there is no requirement for consistent publication
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-08-20
Premises LicencesServicesCommercial
Local Government Association (LGA)
| Version: No information
A CSV template for publishing the details of licences required in order to carry out retail sale of alcohol or the provision of regulated entertainment or the provision of late night refreshment. This includes any location where such activities take place including a building, a moveable structure, an open space, a vehicle or vessel.
Details
  • License: Data providers are encouraged to publish under the Open Government Licence. While the LGA maintains a copyright to the documentation, the standard does not appear to be licensed
  • About the Publisher: The Local Government Association represents the interests of English and Welsh municipal councils in national government. The LGA also promotes communication between local government authorities and develops best practices. LGA standards have been developed in response to the UK's Local Government Transparency Code, which encourages the publication of government data in standardized machine-readable formats.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-11-03
  • Level of Use: 377 District and County Councils are members of the LGA
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Many fields require URIs that are specific to UK legal code
  • Stakeholder Participation: The Local Government Association consists of local government officials who collaborate to develop best practices for local authorities, the would-be stakeholders.
  • Consensus-based Governance: Although schemas and documentation are held on GitHub, changes can only be decided by the LGA
  • Extensions: The LGA provides a CSV template, and extensions are not supported by the LGA data portal
  • Machine Readable: CSV format required
  • Human Readable: CSV template has readable headers
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Dates included in the licenses are noted, as well as the date that the data was extracted from its source database, but there is no requirement for consistent publication
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-08-20
SubsidiesFinanceOntologyPhilanthropy
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Vocabulario para la representación de subvenciones is an ontology for describing subsidies granted by municipalities. It extends VPDA - Local Budget and uses common ontologies such as Event and Place
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-03-20
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: Contributors besides Oscar Corcho (OEG) are not specified
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of the budget vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation. A detailed flowchart describes relationships between local classes and xsd, skos, and VPDA - Local Budget classes
Added to directory: 2017-08-30
Urban StructuresPublic FacilitiesOntology
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Vocabulario para la representación de equipamientos is an ontology for describing public infrastructure such as parking facilities and their accessibility
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-06-25
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names that are not inherited are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: The contributors to this vocabulary includes members of Spanish city councils as well as a member of Localidata, a Spanish start-up specializing in open data
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: Although no OWL schema is provided, this vocabulary is cross-referenced with existing ontologies according to its documentation
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation. This vocabulary extends schema.org, GeoNames, and other OEG Ontologies
Added to directory: 2017-08-30
StreetsGeospatialOntology
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.3
Vocabulario para la representación de un callejero is an ontology for describing municipal streets in Spain. It is being developed in conjunction with VPDA - Spanish Postal Addresses and VPDA - Spanish Administrative Land Units
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-04-28
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names that are not inherited are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: The contributors to this vocabulary includes members of Spanish city councils
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Extends geoSPARQL, DCMI, GeoNames, and schema.org ontologies
Added to directory: 2017-08-29
Election Data FormatElectionsElection Results
Open Data Institute
| Version: No information
Specification utilized for elections at various levels (local, provincial, federal). It has four main tabular formats: contests, choices, results, and voting data. Contests documents metadata
Details
  • License: Open source under the MIT license and content is open under the Creative Commons Attribution license
  • About the Publisher: Open Data Institute is a private non profit company that is committed to spreading and developing open data technologies and services
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-12-04
  • Level of Use: Standard specifies that the standard model should support aggregation of data and have flexibility to compensate for regional differences in election processes. Customization of the data allows for a great scope of the standard's adoption
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Specification is meant to be general enough to cover broad aspects of elections (so that it can be applied across jurisdictions). Standard focuses on the transparency of electoral process (rather than commitment to the automation of election results)
  • Stakeholder Participation: Standard specifies that election data must come from a primary, authoritative source
  • Consensus-based Governance: The standard is posted to GitHub. Anyone can contribute feedback to the issue tracker
  • Extensions: Future extensions to the standard include geographic information about polling stations, a controlled vocabularies specification, and metadata about political parties and politicians
  • Machine Readable: Information stored in election data tables. Tabular format is meant to link to the graph based format. This format expresses statistical data and reference data (including geographic and vocabulary references). Model utilizes RDF Data Cube schema. Some fields in the files have controlled vocabularies
  • Human Readable: Vocabulary for the specification is based on definitions specified from the ACE project
  • Requires Real-Time Data: The standard requires that the data is made available on a timely basis, e.g. updated immediately after the election results are announced
  • Metadata: According to the standard's documentation, 'metadata made available and the formats provided are outside the scope of this specification'
Added to directory: 2017-07-09
Tourist SitesServicesOntology
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Vocabulario para la representación de lugares, zonas e itinerarios de interés turístico is an ontology for representing tourist attractions and accessibility. This includes classes such as access mode, type of institution, and maintenance cost
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-03-13
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: The contributors to this vocabulary include members of both state and city governments, and officials from the Ministry of Industry, Energy, and Tourism
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation. This vocabulary extends schema.org, GeoNames and FuncacionCTIC ontologies
Added to directory: 2017-08-30
Commerical ZonesServicesOntologyCommercial
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Vocabulario para la representación de locales y zonas comerciales is an ontology for describing local businesses, shopping areas, and their accessibility
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-06-25
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: The contributors to this vocabulary include members of both state and city governments, officials from the Ministry of Industry, Energy, and Tourism, and a member of Localidata, a Spanish start-up specializing in open data
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Extends schema.org and GeoNames ontologies.
Added to directory: 2017-08-30
Ed-Fi Data StandardServicesEducation
Ed-Fi Alliance
| Version: 2
The Ed-Fi Data Standard builds a secure bridge between disparate data systems, empowering state agencies, districts and educators with up-to-date, actionable insights so they can better understand the individual needs of every student in their classroom. The Ed-Fi Data Standard serves as the foundation for enabling interoperability among secure data systems and contains a Unifying Data Model designed to capture the meaning and inherent structure in the most important information in the K-12 education enterprise.
Details
  • License: Licensed by Ed-Fi, but provided freely upon registration
  • About the Publisher: Ed-Fi Alliance is funded by the Dell foundation and is composed of education IT personnel and technology solution partners
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-02-24
  • Level of Use: Since launching in July 2011, Ed-Fi technology has gained significant momentum in K-12 education among state education agencies, school districts and vendors. As of February 2014, 19 states have licensed or are in discussions to license Ed-Fi technology. Collectively, these 19 states represent 40% of K-12 students and teachers across the United States
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Current Ed-Fi Technology licensees include only US school districts, but include everything in the K-12 range
  • Stakeholder Participation: Clients (school districts) are not expected to participate in creating the standard
  • Consensus-based Governance: Standard and documentation is maintained on GitHub and is claimed to be open-source but contribution appears to be insular
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: XML schema
  • Human Readable: Element names are logical and readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Depends on the dataset (Student Attendance Interchange versus Education Organization Interchange)
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-06-14
National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)CrimeCrime Statistics
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI)
| Version: 3.1
Every year the FBI releases the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR), which compiles crime data from law enforcement agencies across the US. The NIBRS was created to facilitate the compilation of the UCR by standardizing the formats of the crime data.
Details
  • License: Licensed by the FBI
  • About the Publisher: The FBI is the United States' federal law enforcement agency which operates under the Department of Justice.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-02-01
  • Level of Use: Only particiapating law enforcement agencies submit their crime data to the UCR. Since a new NIBRS XML structure was released in late 2012, many participating law enforcement agencies still choose to use the legacy ASCII NIBRS schema. In 2013, NIBRS had 6,328 participating agencies, covering a population of 92.7 million
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: NIBRS details federal crimes in the USA, which differ from federal crimes in other jurisdictions.
  • Stakeholder Participation: No information
  • Consensus-based Governance: No information
  • Extensions: Some states, such as Texas and South Carolina, include additional crime data as required by the state. These additional data are appended to the appropriate segment type or form a new segment
  • Machine Readable: Formerly ASCII text formatted, with lines separated by a newline character. Currently an XML schema
  • Human Readable: No information
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Released annually
  • Metadata: Metadata provided includes MARC21 XML, Dublin Core, and JSON
Added to directory: 2017-06-15
GTFS RealtimeTransportationReal-Time Transit
Google
| Version: 1
GTFS Realtime is an extension to GTFS (General Transit Feed Specification) that allows public transportation agencies to provide application developers with real-time updates about the locations, estimated arrival times and other important information regarding transit vehicles.
Details
  • License: Apache 2.0 License
  • About the Publisher: Google
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-08-26
  • Level of Use: Widespread use by transit agencies globally
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: If a transit agency has the technology (Bus tracking by GPS) GTFS Realtime is transferable, with only several required variables.
  • Stakeholder Participation: It was developed by Google, a software developer, in partnership with transit agencies and developers
  • Consensus-based Governance: Contributions can be made to the GTFS Realtime project on the GitHub page, but all contributions are subject to a strict voting and discussion protocol, and contributors must sign a license agreement
  • Extensions: Third-party developers can define additional fields for GTFS Realtime but must contact the GTFS Realtime discussion Google group to be assigned an extension id so that they can use a unique protocol buffer
  • Machine Readable: The data is hosted over HTTP and consists of protocol buffers. Google's protocol buffers are used for data serialization and work as an alternative to XML. The data structure is stored in a gtfs realtime.proto file. The file produces source code to read and write the structured data and then retrieves it to and from a data stream using a variety of programming languages. Unique IDs such as VehicleID and StopID are compatible with static GTFS values
  • Human Readable: Many agencies have APIs in addition to protocol buffers that have responses in XML, JSON, and JSONP formats
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Every protocol buffer has an [optional] timestamp in the header indicating when the content of the feed was created.
  • Metadata: Protocol Buffer structure
Added to directory: 2017-06-15
Traffic Management Data Dictionary (TMDD)TransportationTrafficMetadata
Institute of Transportation Engineers (ITE)
| Version: 3.03d
TMDD is a standard for traffic management centers to communicatie between themselves to cooperate in the management of roads and incidents
Details
  • License: Copyright ITE and American Association of State Highway and Transportation Officials (AASHTO)
  • About the Publisher: The Institute of Transportation Engineers is an international association of transportation professionals that applies new technology to the design and management of ground transportation
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-07-25
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The vocabulary included in the TMDD is very thorough and broad. There are few required fields in the schema and it is applicable to many fields of traffic management. The standard allows extensions.
  • Stakeholder Participation: Contributors consisted of members of the IT sector, the engineering sector, and public agencies such as CalTrans and the City of LA
  • Consensus-based Governance: No information
  • Extensions: As long as additional features do not conflict with (i.e. substitute) TMDD features, extensions are permitted, but must be defined in a namespace separate from the copyrighted TMDD namespace
  • Machine Readable: XML schema
  • Human Readable: Element names are somewhat cryptic
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Provided metadata XML schema must be imported in header
Added to directory: 2017-06-15
International Aid Transparency Initiative (IATI)FinancePhilanthropy
IATI
| Version: 2.02
The IATI standard is a framework for publishing information on development cooperation activities in a timely, comprehensive and forward-looking manner. All published data should be structured and comparable
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: IATI is a voluntary, multi-stakeholder initiative that seeks to improve the transparency of aid, development, and humanitarian resources in order to increase their effectiveness in tackling poverty. IATI brings together donor and recipient countries, civil society organisations, and other experts in aid information who are committed to working together to increase the transparency and openness of aid.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-04-01
  • Level of Use: 547 Organisations so far have published their data in the IATI registry
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: IATI is an international effort. No jurisdiction per se
  • Stakeholder Participation: IATI brings together donor and recipient countries, civil society organisations, and other experts in aid information who are committed to working together to increase the transparency and openness of aid.
  • Consensus-based Governance: IATI has a GitHub page where the references for the standards rae maintained
  • Extensions: IATI allows for publishing of additional data that are not covered by the default IATI elements by using an XML namespace to extend the schema
  • Machine Readable: All data is published in XML on the IATI registry
  • Human Readable: Datasets published on the IATI registry can also be downloaded or previewed in an easy to read CSV table
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Organizations can choose when to publish or re-publish their data
  • Metadata: IATI has related standards that are associated with the main IATI standard such as The Organisations Standard and The Activity Standard
Added to directory: 2017-06-13
Multi-Agency Incident Transfer (MAIT)ServicesEmergency
British APCO
| Version: 1.0.0
MAIT was created to solve the problem of exchanging incdents between agency control rooms (emergency dispatch). In line with the UK Government's Open Standards Principles, MAIT is a standard for sharing data between local emergency services in the UK
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution NoDerivatives
  • About the Publisher: As a not-for-profit organisation, British APCO (Association of Public safety Communications Officers) is an independent organisation that provides a forum for professionals in the field of public safety and civil contingencies communications and information technology, to exchange information, ideas and experiences. In partnership with industry it maintains regular liaison with suppliers and other commercial bodies, such as consultants, to monitor developments in technology, new techniques and major programmes.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-08-01
  • Level of Use: UK public safety agencies
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Many of the elements in the schema are specific to the UK. A similar standard could be adopted for another sovereignty
  • Stakeholder Participation: The standard is created by BAPCO, an organization that represents Public Safety Communications Officers, who are the stakeholders in different public safety agencies
  • Consensus-based Governance: Any changes to the standard are made by the BAPCO MAIT Standards group. Conflicts can be submitted to them but all publishing/edits are centralized
  • Extensions: There is a section in the documentation specifying the structure of any additional elements (extensions to the schema)
  • Machine Readable: Data standard specifies XML notation
  • Human Readable: XML schema has relevant element names
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Incident Creation Messages are sent induvidually between agencies and contain a timestamp
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-06-14
Capital Budget SchemaFinanceAnnual Budget
Socrata
| Version: 2.3
Socrata Open Budget application requires Capital Budget datasets to match the Capital Budget Schema.
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0
  • About the Publisher: Partnership among state actors and the Socrata company. Socrata offers technological services for opening up government data. Socrata company consists of software engineers, designers, open government advocates, and business professionals
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-10-06
  • Level of Use: Many governments that are customers of Socrata have adopted the standard. These include Michigan, Massachusetts, Los Angeles, and Seattle
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The schema's documentation is publicly available. Video tutorials and web articles discuss how municipalities can adopt the schema and update their datasets so that Socrata's Open Budget product works
  • Stakeholder Participation: Socrata developed the standard privately
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for public and interested parties to contribute to the development of the schema
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: Two separate datasets (Operating Expenses and Operating Revenues) have to be organized into flat-files. Some fields for the data are required and some are optional. The data is not normalized.
  • Human Readable: Specification uses metadata, field identifiers and semantics
  • Requires Real-Time Data: The standard dictates that the data should be updated every year
  • Metadata: Socrata recommends to include a column in the dataset to describes the data, but it is not required.
Added to directory: 2017-06-26
Open Water Rate Specification (OWRS)EnvironmentWater
California Data Collaborative
| Version: No information
OWRS is a machine-readable format for specifying and sharing water rate information. OWRS is designed for analysts, economists, and software developers interested in analyzing water rates. OWRS attempts to fully encode a water utility's rate structure and pricing schedules in a form that is easy to store, share, modify and apply programmatically.
Details
  • License: GNU Affero General Public License v3.0
  • About the Publisher: The California Data Collaborative or CaDC is a voluntary, collaborative project where local cities, water retailers and land planning agencies have come together to build new data infrastructure to ensure California has reliable water today and into the future. The CaDC has pioneered a new 501c3 data infrastructure non-profit and provides analytical tools and dashboards that are developed using freely available open source tools.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-03-04
  • Level of Use: All examples shown by CaDC are within California
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: OWRS is a general structure that supports many different types of water rates (e.g. tiered versus budget-based) with no regionally specific attributes
  • Stakeholder Participation: The CaDC is made up of stakeholders from California utilities sector
  • Consensus-based Governance: Contributions can be made to the OWRS and other CaDC project on their GitHub page
  • Extensions: Extensions only permissible in the metadata, where agency information is located. Rate structure is inclusive but non-extensible
  • Machine Readable: YAML key-value pair structure
  • Human Readable: YAML structure is even easier to parse than regular markup languages or JSON
  • Requires Real-Time Data: effective date is a required element for a bill, and municipalities will release the rate bills at regular intervals
  • Metadata: Metadata includes fields such as agency or utility name, date, and bill frequency
Added to directory: 2017-06-14
Public TransportTransportationOntology
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Vocabulario para la representación de medios de transporte públicos is an ontology for describing transportation infrastructure such as bus stops, metro lines, and ferry terminals
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-06-25
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names that are not inherited from NAPTAN (English) are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: The contributors to this vocabulary includes members of Spanish city councils and the Madrid transportation authority
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation. This vocabulary extends NAPTAN's ontology
Added to directory: 2017-08-29
General TransportationTransportationOntology
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Vocabulario para la representación de medios de transporte is an ontology for describing transportation infrastructure as well as political entities such as villages and other administrative areas
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-05-08
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names that are not inherited from NAPTAN (English) are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: The contributors to this vocabulary includes Madrid transportation authority officials
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation. This vocabulary makes extensive use of NAPTAN's transportation vocabulary
Added to directory: 2017-08-29
SPOTCrime Open Crime Standard (SOCS)CrimeCrime Statistics
Colin Drane
| Version: No information
SOCS is a standard for police agencies to publish public crime data uniformly. It requires fields such as date and time (in ISO format), locale, and incident type
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: SPOTCrime is an independent publishing company that plots the locations of various crimes on a Google Map. The company is supported through ad revenue
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-03-17
  • Level of Use: Cities that have adopted SOCS include Philadelphia, Denver, San Fransisco, Chicago, Albuquerque (all in USA)
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Catapult is a complimentary, open source software that stores the data in CSV files and makes it easier for smaller police departments with less resources to publish the data
  • Stakeholder Participation: Created privately by a citizen developer
  • Consensus-based Governance: Comments can be made on SOCS GitHub page, but specification appears to be maintained by one entity
  • Extensions: SOCS specifies a list of required fields, but most users of SOCS include additional fields and descriptions
  • Machine Readable: Acceptable formats according to the SPOTCRIME standard are XML, RSS feed, CSV, RDF, JSON, TXT, XLS(X), and KML
  • Human Readable: Standard utilizes identifiers and organizes data by type of crime
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Standard dictates data be updated on a daily basis
  • Metadata: Standard doesn't explicitly require metadata. However, many examples of SOCS implementation include a zip file containing metadata
Added to directory: 2017-06-26
Public ToiletsPublic FacilitiesSanitation
Local Government Association (LGA)
| Version: No information
A CSV template for describing details of toilet services where local government is responsible for cleaning and maintenance. Details include location, accessibility, hours of operation, and additional amenities
Details
  • License: Data providers are encouraged to publish under the Open Government Licence. While the LGA maintains a copyright to the documentation, the standard does not appear to be licensed
  • About the Publisher: The Local Government Association represents the interests of English and Welsh municipal councils in national government. The LGA also promotes communication between local government authorities and develops best practices. LGA standards have been developed in response to the UK's Local Government Transparency Code, which encourages the publication of government data in standardized machine-readable formats.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-11-14
  • Level of Use: 378 District and County Councils are members of the LGA
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: While some fields take URIs that are specific to UK locations, these fields are not required
  • Stakeholder Participation: The Local Government Association consists of local government officials who collaborate to develop best practices for local authorities, the would-be stakeholders.
  • Consensus-based Governance: Although schemas and documentation are held on GitHub, changes can only be decided by the LGA
  • Extensions: The LGA provides a CSV template, and extensions are not supported by the LGA data portal
  • Machine Readable: CSV format required
  • Human Readable: CSV template has readable headers
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Dates included in the applications are noted, but there is no requirement for consistent publication
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-08-20
WaterMLEnvironmentWater
Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC)
| Version: 2.0.1
WaterML is a standard model for representing water observation time series
Details
  • License: Copyright OGC
  • About the Publisher: The Open Geospatial Consortium is an international standards body that promotes collaboration in developing formats for geospatial data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-02-24
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Designed to be a general specification for hydrologic time-series in any setting
  • Stakeholder Participation: Standard Working Group included public and private stakeholders such as Australian Bureau of Meteorology, Australian CSIRO, KISTERS AG, UK CEH, and USGS
  • Consensus-based Governance: The OGC StandardsTracker tool allows change requests and comments to be submitted
  • Extensions: WaterML is designed to allow encoding of data in a variety of exchange scenarios
  • Machine Readable: XML schema
  • Human Readable: Complex XML schemas with complex hierarchy and cryptic element names
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Schemas include a generationDate
  • Metadata: Makes use of OGC's Observations & Measurements standards, Geography Markup Language
Added to directory: 2017-06-15
RepresentElectionsVoter Precincts
OpenNorth
| Version: No information
Represent is an open database of elected officials and districts in Canada. Open North provides a template to be filled out and uploaded on municipal websites. Open North has an API for finding representatives and districts by geographic location.
Details
  • License: MIT License
  • About the Publisher: Open North is a non-profit that works to improve transparency through open data in Canadian government
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-07-20
  • Level of Use: Used by many municipalities across Canada
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The fields in the template correspond only to Canadian electoral districts and positions
  • Stakeholder Participation: Template and API created solely by Open North
  • Consensus-based Governance: All of Open North's projects are on GitHub, although contribution appears to be solely internal
  • Extensions: Template has optional fields as well as tolerance for additional fields (such as Personal Website)
  • Machine Readable: CSV or .xls spreadsheets are machine readable
  • Human Readable: Spreadsheets are downloadable and viewable in Excel or similar program
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-06-15
Election ResultsElectionsElection Results
Local Government Association (LGA)
| Version: 1.02
A standard for publishing local results of English elections, including Parish, District/Borough, County, and Parliamentary elections and by-elections. Mayoral and European Parliament elections are not supported in the current version of the schema.
Details
  • License: Data providers are encouraged to publish under the Open Government Licence. While the LGA maintains a copyright to the documentation, the standard does not appear to be licensed
  • About the Publisher: The Local Government Association represents the interests of English and Welsh municipal councils in national government. The LGA also promotes communication between local government authorities and develops best practices. LGA standards have been developed in response to the UK's Local Government Transparency Code, which encourages the publication of government data in standardized machine-readable formats.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-08-07
  • Level of Use: 373 District and County Councils are members of the LGA
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Designed for local elections in England and Wales. Likely transferable
  • Stakeholder Participation: The Local Government Association consists of local government officials who collaborate to develop best practices for local authorities, the would-be stakeholders.
  • Consensus-based Governance: Although schemas and documentation are held on GitHub, changes can only be decided by the LGA
  • Extensions: The schema contains many optional fields, but additional fields are not supported. The LGA plans on extending the schema to include more election-data fields
  • Machine Readable: CSV format required
  • Human Readable: CSV template has readable headers
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Election results are only published after elections
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-08-17
Land and BuildingPublic FacilitiesBuildings
Local Government Association (LGA)
| Version: 1.4
The Local Government Transparency Code requires that local authorities publish details of all their fixed (land and building) assets. This includes all properties owned or used by local government, including those where contractual work takes place, public parking facilities, and social housing.
Details
  • License: Data providers are encouraged to publish under the Open Government Licence. While the LGA maintains a copyright to the documentation, the standard does not appear to be licensed
  • About the Publisher: The Local Government Association represents the interests of English and Welsh municipal councils in national government. The LGA also promotes communication between local government authorities and develops best practices. LGA standards have been developed in response to the UK's Local Government Transparency Code, which encourages the publication of government data in standardized machine-readable formats.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-06-05
  • Level of Use: 374 District and County Councils are members of the LGA
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Fields require unique codes specific to British property ownership
  • Stakeholder Participation: The Local Government Association consists of local government officials who collaborate to develop best practices for local authorities, the would-be stakeholders.
  • Consensus-based Governance: Although schemas and documentation are held on GitHub, changes can only be decided by the LGA
  • Extensions: The schema contains many optional fields, but additional fields are not supported.
  • Machine Readable: CSV format required
  • Human Readable: CSV template has readable headers
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Asset reporting typically happens annually
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-08-20
Fiscal Data PackageFinanceAnnual Budget
Open Knowledge International
| Version: 0.3
Standardizes annual government budget by revenue and expenditure. These categories exist at the transactional or aggregated levels.
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution - ShareAlike 4.0 International License
  • About the Publisher: Partnership among private sector and nonprofit organizations. Open Knowledge has published the Open Knowledge Definition and has developed open data projects such as CKAN
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-05-02
  • Level of Use: Governments of Slovakia, Cameroon, Nicaragua have published government spending data through openspending.org using the fiscal data package
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Specification is an extension of the Tabular Data Package. It consists of CSV data files and metadata descriptor file in JSON format. Standard utilizes universal components so everyone may access it. The aggregated expense category requires classification according to the United Nations' Statistics Division's Classification of the Functions of Government (COFOG). Aggregated revenue data requires classification according to the IMF's Government Finance Statistic Manual 2001 (GFSFM). Classifications according to these institutions are widely implemented and broad enough to be applied across national governments
  • Stakeholder Participation: Standard is in consultation with budget data community. Adapts input from private sector and nonprofit organizations
  • Consensus-based Governance: Can follow development of standard on the 'issue' tracker posted to Github. Contributions from the community will be overseen by a member of Open Knowledge International
  • Extensions: OpenSpending Data Package
  • Machine Readable: Standard uses tabular form. Data stored in CSV format. The CSV's structuration consists of a data table in which each tuple represents a single budget item. The first tuple of the data file signifies the required fields for the appropriate dataset type in addition to the required fields for all the dataset categories (dataset type is notated under metadata descriptor file)
  • Human Readable: Specification uses metadata, field identifiers and semantics
  • Requires Real-Time Data: The standard dictates that the data be updated every year
  • Metadata: Metadata included in the required JSON file descriptor, datapackage.json. The datapackage.json is a metadata descriptor file that contextualizes the data and gives insight to the data file structure and budget attributes. The metadata object for each data file in the resource array has to contain the specific attributes related to budget data type (i.e. currency, whether the data reflects revenue or expenditure, the data's granularity, and status within the budget cycle)
Added to directory: 2017-08-09
Open511Public FacilitiesRoad Construction
Open North
| Version: 1
Open511 intends to make road event data lightweight and accessible to the public. The specification intends to facilitate communication among transportation agencies and other government bodies. Open511 format provides a level of transparency, interoperability, and simplicity that exceeds current intelligent transportation systems. The API retrieves the data in XML format
Details
  • License: Open Government License
  • About the Publisher: Open North, a Canadian non profit organization, aims to creates online tools that encourage civil society to engage more openly and actively with their government. For the Open511 specification, Open North teamed up with transportation bodies in British Columbia and the San Francisco Bay Area
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-09-03
  • Level of Use: Level of adoption is low. Demos of the versions have been implemented but are incomplete. DriveBC provides Open511 API
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Open North is working with Open511 to develop an open source software to ease implementation of the API
  • Stakeholder Participation: Stakeholders can communicate and collaborate with Open North
  • Consensus-based Governance: The standard provides a mailing list and 'issue tracker' on GitHub to contribute to the development of the API. It also mixes authoritative government data with crowdsourced verification
  • Extensions: Open511 uses a map based interface filter for the data.
  • Machine Readable: Retrieves the data in XML (supports JSON when indicated by API)
  • Human Readable: Easily readable for users
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Standard can be conducted over the web feed. Data is updated in the XML feed in real time
  • Metadata: Jurisdiction resource acts as a form of metadata and links to the description of the government entity that is publishing the data.
Added to directory: 2017-07-12
General Transit Feed Specification (GTFS)TransportationTransit Schedules
Google
| Version: No information
Standard format for handling public transportation and geographic data. Developed by Google and the TriMet public transportation agency
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License
  • About the Publisher: Partnership among the private and public sectors. Municipal transit data is combined with Google's technological input to create the specification
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-07-26
  • Level of Use: By 2013, the standard format had been applied to hundreds of transit systems' data around the world
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Zip file containing CSV files with information about routes, stops, and agencies (saved as .txt)
  • Stakeholder Participation: GTFS is a collaboration between private and public sectors. Google and public transit agencies as partners - some government bodies initially hesitant to hand over the data to Google
  • Consensus-based Governance: No opportunity to be included in decisions made about the standard's evolution. Technical committee not open to the public
  • Extensions: GTFS - Real Time: protocol buffers (as an alternative to XML) hosted over HTTP and gtfs realtime.proto produces source code to read and write the structured data and then retrieves it to and from a data stream using a variety of programming languages
  • Machine Readable: CSVs saved as text files stored in a zip file.
  • Human Readable: Standard aims to be easily readable and use description, universally understood vocabulary
  • Requires Real-Time Data: GTFS-RT handles real time transit data in a feed over HTTP
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-07-12
Open311 GeoReport APIPublic FacilitiesService Requests
OpenPlans
| Version: 2
API standardizes service requests, eases coordination, and encourages accountability between the government and the public
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: OpenPlans is a non-profit, technology based organization that aims to open up government data and improve public transportation systems
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-04-11
  • Level of Use: Cities: Toronto, ON, GieBen, Deutschland, Bonn, Deutschland,Helsinki, Suomi, Lamia, Ellada, Baltimore, MD, Bloomington,IN, Boston, MA, Brookline, MA, Chicago, IL, Columbus, IN, Grand Rapids, MI, Peoria, IL, San Francisco, CA, Washington D.C.. Development Stage: Quebec, QC, Surrey, BC, Zurich, Schweiz, Zaragoza, Spain, Lisbon, Portugal,Philadelphia, USA
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: GeoReport API has been adopted in various jurisdictions across the US. The OPEN311 does not specify the codes, making it possible for the API to be applied to whatever civic services specifically offered in that city
  • Stakeholder Participation: Collaboration between developers, government, and nonprofit organizations
  • Consensus-based Governance: The public can contribute to the standard's 'issue tracker' on GitHub
  • Extensions: MySociety has proposed an extension to better update clients about status changes of requests to better serve citizens with platforms such as fixmystreet (in the UK). The extension allows for more communication from the government body to the client. This extension proposes the methods POST/GET Service Updates. See extension's proposal here: https://www.mysociety.org/2013/02/20/open311-extended/
  • Machine Readable: API retrieves the data in XML format and supports JSON format when indicated by the API. The content of the API manages two main resources consisting of services and service requests. Requests are handled over HTTP to retrieve data in XML format, and in JSON when denoted by service discovery. Jurisdiction_ID will be globally unique variable in order to clarify the city implementing the API (required only when entire interface serves more than one jurisdiction). The API employs 7 API methods for services and service requests. These methods include: GET service list, GET service definition, POST Service Request, GET request_id from a token, GET service request(s). The GET service method handles what services are available to the client user based on the unique service_code. The POST service request handles requests posted by the client to the government body. Open311 requires a location when requesting a service. GET service request(s) provides records of service requests based on date thresholds, service codes, service request IDs, and status
  • Human Readable: Open311 follows the REST schema and uses human readable identifiers to label the data
  • Requires Real-Time Data: The API Gets and Posts service requests in real time
  • Metadata: There is a required resource for specifying metadata. The GET service definition method of the API provide description for the service being requested by adding metadata=true to it response
Added to directory: 2017-07-12
MassGIS Datalayer De Facto StandardGeospatialZoning
Massachusetts Office of Geographic Information
| Version: 2.1
Standard specifies zoning (GIS) data for jurisdictions across the state of Massachusetts
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: MassGIS is an official state agency in charge of collecting, storing and disseminating geographic data. Their work includes establishing a comprehensive, statewide database of geographic information
  • Updated by Publisher: 2012-05-01
  • Level of Use: This standard is used for every jurisdiction in Massachusetts except Boston (this is the most widespread zoning standard available at the moment)
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Zoning laws are riddled with localized idiosyncrasies. Therefore devising a standard the would span jurisdictions would be very difficult
  • Stakeholder Participation: Government body has only authority over standard
  • Consensus-based Governance: No mailing list or opportunity to pull requests/file issues on a public forum
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: MassGIS stores the data in a statewide ArcSDE layer named ZONING_POLY'
  • Human Readable: Data can be opened in GIS platforms such as ArcGIS and QGIS
  • Requires Real-Time Data: MassGIS has not formal method to handle updates for zoning
  • Metadata: Metadata included in the HTML format
Added to directory: 2016-08-01
Service Interface for Real-Time Information (SIRI)TransportationReal-Time Transit
European Committee for Standardization (CEN)
| Version: 2
SIRI is a data format that enables the server to exchange real-time information about public transit schedules and arrival times. SIRI is now interoperable with GTFS-Realtime services
Details
  • License: The SIRI schema is available for use free of charge and without warranty under public Licence. Copyright is retained by the respective national organisations that developed SIRI. The CEN standard documentation must be purchased
  • About the Publisher: CEN is an association that brings together over 30 European national standardization bodies. CEN is recognized by the EU and the European Free Trade Association
  • Updated by Publisher: 2013-05-19
  • Level of Use: By CEN regulation, members have to adopt the SIRI standard for real-time data exchange. Since its inception, many agencies that provided SIRI formatted APIs have begun additionally providing data in GTFS-realtime format or dropping their SIRI API
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Facilitation of adoption across jurisdiction is unclear because the protocol is intended to exchange information at the operator to operator level. However, SIRI's modularisation permits users to pick and choose the services they wish to implement. SIRI can be used with GTFS static data, referring to the same unique stopIDs
  • Stakeholder Participation: Primary stakeholders of the SIRI protocol are defined as the purchasers and suppliers/product developers of public information transport systems. Contributors to the standard included equipment suppliers, transport authorities, transport operators, transport consultants from countries in the EU, public transit agencies in Germany, France, and the UK, and the EU Trident project
  • Consensus-based Governance: CEN Working Group manages the standard's governance. The group decides on changes made to the standard
  • Extensions: Official documentation cites that SIRI is an extensible standard. Publishers expect additional services will be added to the standard in the future
  • Machine Readable: Siri uses XML to define messages using real-time public transport vehicle or journey time data. The schema is encoded as a W3C .xsd. Has reusable sub schemas and type packages. Schema uses the SOAP protocol to exchange messages between servers.
  • Human Readable: Standard utilizes universally understood tags and semantics. Clear documentation of field IDs as a reference
  • Requires Real-Time Data: The protocol is able to handle real time transit schedule data
  • Metadata: There is a metadata section to the XML schema
Added to directory: 2017-08-10
Land Based Classification Standards (LBCS) - OWL2GeospatialZoning
American Planner's Association (APA)
| Version: No information
LBCS standard intends to categorize dimension or urban space and provide information about land use. Standard breaks up classification into Activity, Function, Structure Type, Site Development Character, and Ownership
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: American Planner's Association is an urban planning organization
  • Updated by Publisher: 2001-04-01
  • Level of Use: Unsure if any city governments actually apply this standard to their open zoning data
  • Open License: No information
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Coding of LBCS makes it possible to break down the data so it may be aggregated to larger jurisdictions. In addition, the standard organizes the terminology for classifying land use and typically is implements within a relational database of geo-referenced spatial units
  • Stakeholder Participation: APA devised the standard along with six other federal agencies
  • Consensus-based Governance: Standard has no mailing list or forum to offer advice/file issues with publishers
  • Extensions: Format is modular so that data can be shared, reused, and extended
  • Machine Readable: LBCS suggests storing multidimensional land use data in relational databases. The LBCS allows each concept to be modeled off an OWL class. Can establish a hierarchical structure for through the OWL subclass system. However, these schemas are NOT mandatory for LBCS adoption. Data for the standard is intended to be georeferenced
  • Human Readable: Standard utilizes defined vocabularies, semantics, and identifiers to categorize schema. Standard can be used for classifying georeferenced spatial units that are stored in a shapefile
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: The standard moves towards applying the OWL2 ontology language for the Semantic Web. This structural framework applies extensive literature logic that can be manipulated with OWL2 tools
Added to directory: 2016-08-01
AccommodationsServicesOntologyCommercial
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Vocabulario para la representación de alojamientos is an ontology for representing lodging information in Spain (hotels, hostels, etc). This vocabulary should be used in conjunction with VPDA - Spanish Postal Addresses and VPDA - Spanish Administrative Land Units
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-03-06
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: The contributors to this vocabulary includes a member of Zaragoza city council as well as a member of Localidata, a Spanish start-up specializing in open data
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation. This vocabulary extends schema.org, GeoNames, FuncacionCTIC, and VPDA - Tourist Sites ontologies
Added to directory: 2017-08-30
SpendingFinanceExpenditure
Local Government Association (LGA)
| Version: 1.3
The Local Government Transparency Code requires that governments publish details of any expenditure exceeding £500. The Local Government Association developed a common format for local councils to publish spending data, providing a data template as well as a standardized schema for local governments to use
Details
  • License: Data providers are encouraged to publish under the Open Government Licence. While the LGA maintains a copyright to the documentation, the standard does not appear to be licensed
  • About the Publisher: The Local Government Association represents the interests of English and Welsh municipal councils in national government. The LGA also promotes communication between local government authorities and develops best practices. LGA standards have been developed in response to the UK's Local Government Transparency Code, which encourages the publication of government data in standardized machine-readable formats.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-01-06
  • Level of Use: 372 District and County Councils are members of the LGA
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Field headers use English government terminology
  • Stakeholder Participation: The Local Government Association consists of local government officials who collaborate to develop best practices for local authorities, the would-be stakeholders.
  • Consensus-based Governance: Although schemas and documentation are held on GitHub, changes can only be decided by the LGA
  • Extensions: The schema contains many optional fields, but additional fields are not supported.
  • Machine Readable: CSV format required
  • Human Readable: CSV template has readable headers
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Contract and spending data are released quarterly
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-08-18
PopoloLegislatureOntology
James McKinney
| Version: No information
Ontology for government votes, actions, and structures. The scope of this standard includes persons, organizations, membership (to a party), government posts, legislative motions, speeches and more. The standard was designed as a simple and transferable vocabulary for sharing international government open data
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: James McKinney has contributed to and authored many open data standards. He is prominent in the field of open government data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-05-27
  • Level of Use: Users include Granicus, mySociety, OpenNorth, Poplus.org, Open Civic Data, and Sunlight Foundation
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Popolo supports the development of reusable open source components that implement the specifications, making it easier for civic developers to create civic software. Popolo also supports multilingual response with a header specifying languages
  • Stakeholder Participation: James McKinney is the only named author of Popolo
  • Consensus-based Governance: The standard's specification is improved through a consensus process in line with IETF definition
  • Extensions: Allows for use of terms outside the specification only where the specification's terms are insufficient
  • Machine Readable: JSON output documents must validate against provided JSON or JSON-LD schema
  • Human Readable: Different options for serialization, including JSON and XML, have readable attribute names
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Metadata headers required in RDF or JSON-LD document. Reuses DCMI metadata terms, as well as ontologies from W3C, IETF, ISA, GeoNames, OSCA, Bibliographic Framerwork Initiative, and Open Data Institute
Added to directory: 2017-11-22
ContractsFinanceProcurement Contracts
Local Government Association (LGA)
| Version: 1.3
The Local Government Transparency Code requires that governments publish details of contracts, commissioned activity, purchase orders, and other agreements with a value exceeding £5,000. The Local Government Association developed a common format for local councils to publish contracts, providing a data template as well as a standardized schema for local governments to use
Details
  • License: Data providers are encouraged to publish under the Open Government Licence. While the LGA maintains a copyright to the documentation, the standard does not appear to be licensed
  • About the Publisher: The Local Government Association represents the interests of English and Welsh municipal councils in national government. The LGA also promotes communication between local government authorities and develops best practices. LGA standards have been developed in response to the UK's Local Government Transparency Code, which encourages the publication of government data in standardized machine-readable formats.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-01-06
  • Level of Use: 371 District and County Councils are members of the LGA
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Field headers use British government and business terminology
  • Stakeholder Participation: The Local Government Association consists of local government officials who collaborate to develop best practices for local authorities, the would-be stakeholders.
  • Consensus-based Governance: Although schemas and documentation are held on GitHub, changes can only be decided by the LGA
  • Extensions: The schema contains many optional fields, but additional fields are not supported.
  • Machine Readable: CSV format required
  • Human Readable: CSV template has readable headers
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Contract and spending data are released quarterly
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-08-18
Local BudgetFinanceOntologyAnnual Budget
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Vocabulario para la representación de datos sobre presupuestos de entidades locales specifies vocabulary for local budget data in Spain. Content of the standard includes both government income and expenses
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-01-31
  • Level of Use: Vocabulary is limited to budget data for localities in Spain
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: The contributors to this vocabulary include members of Spanish city councils
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of the budget vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Includes a date input named quarter, but up to date publication is not required
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation
Added to directory: 2017-08-29
Noise PollutionEnvironmentOntologyAir
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: No information
Contaminacion acustica is an ontology for describing the data obtained by acoustic sensors in cities in Spain. Classes also include derivative values of measurements such as average noise level
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-07-06
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: Contributors are all from the OEG
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: There are three formats for downloading serialized schema: N Triples, RDF/XML, and TTL
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation. A detailed flowchart describes relationships between local and inherited classes
Added to directory: 2017-08-30
Operating Budget SchemaFinanceAnnual Budget
Socrata
| Version: 2
Socrata Open Budget application requires Operating Expense and Operating Revenue datasets to match the Operating Data Schema
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0
  • About the Publisher: Partnership among state actors and the Socrata company. Socrata offers technological services for opening up government data. Socrata company consists of software engineers, designers, open government advocates, and business professionals
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-04-07
  • Level of Use: Many governments that are customers of Socrata have adopted the standard. These include Michigan, Massachusetts, Los Angeles, and Seattle
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The schema's documentation is publicly available. Video tutorials and web articles discuss how municipalities can adopt the schema and update their datasets so that Socrata's Open Budget product works
  • Stakeholder Participation: Socrata developed the standard privately
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for public and interested parties to contribute to the development of the schema
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: Two separate datasets (Operating Expenses and Operating Revenues) have to be organized into flat-files. Some fields for the data are required and some are optional. The data is not normalized.
  • Human Readable: Specification uses metadata, field identifiers and semantics
  • Requires Real-Time Data: The standard dictates that the data should be updated every year
  • Metadata: Socrata recommends to include a column in the datasets to describe the data, but it is not required.
Added to directory: 2017-06-26
Open Contracting Data StandardsFinanceProcurement Contracts
Open Contracting Partnership (OCP)
| Version: 1.1
International standard to make data about government contracts more transparent to the public
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license
  • About the Publisher: The Open Contracting Partnership advocates for open data in government contracting to save governments time and money, and improve transparency and services for citizens
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-05-31
  • Level of Use: Over 15 national governments publish in this standard, along with many non-governmental organizations.
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Goal of project is to develop a standard that can be adopted across national borders
  • Stakeholder Participation: Publishers actively engage communities and businesses interested in adopting the standard. Publishers collaborated with stakeholders in order to develop the 'OCDS Demand-side Assessment'. This assessment is meant to address real world needs of publishers and users of public contracting data
  • Consensus-based Governance: The OCP is committed to the Open Stand principles for standards development. The standard is developed with: Due process, broad consensus, transparency, balance, and openness. Governance of the standard may soon begin to follow formal standards processes (such as an OASIS standard) in its upcoming release
  • Extensions: This standard has a sector specific extension
  • Machine Readable: The Open Contracting ID (OCID) is a globally unique identifier. OCDS is based on a JSON schema
  • Human Readable: Standard states an objective of being easily understandable. Provides key terms and background on the procurement contracting process
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Standard has a .json metadata package. As a globally unique identifier to identify the data package
Added to directory: 2017-12-18
OpenAddress SpecificationGeospatialAddress Points
OpenAddress
| Version: No information
OpenAdress Specification builds an open resource for geocoding at the global level
Details
  • License: BSD 3-clause New or Revised License
  • About the Publisher: OpenAddress is an open data initiative that aims to establish an open, world wide resource for address information. Collection was originally compiled by Ian Dees
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-07-11
  • Level of Use: 477,280,973 addresses have been processed as of August 30, 2017
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The specification has been far reaching and is relatively easy to handle and implement. However, there are legal issues involved with building a database such as this
  • Stakeholder Participation: Address points are crowdsourced. Anyone can contribute to their wiki and on GitHub. Code for America has contributed a continuous integration service. This web service helps build participation and automatically updates the system within days
  • Consensus-based Governance: Standard is posted to GitHub. Have the option to pull requests and post to the GitHub issue tracker
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: Data is stored in JSON/GeoJSON format
  • Human Readable: Standard uses clearly universally understood identifiers to label the data
  • Requires Real-Time Data: This metric doesn't really apply to this domain, considering that addresses do not change over time
  • Metadata: There is a list of attribute tags (they are optional) that store metadata. These tags include information about the source website, its license, a human readable note, whether the license requires attribution, and email of the data provider
Added to directory: 2017-08-30
Local Inspector Value-entry Specification (LIVES)ServicesCommercial
Yelp
| Version: 2
Cities use LIVES to publish food inspection information about any restaurant listed on Yelp or any website that has restaurant listings
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: Yelp is a multinational company that hosts crowdsourced information about local businesses online. Yelp contributed data and collaborated with municipal bodies in order to develop LIVES
  • Updated by Publisher: 2015-08-10
  • Level of Use: Chicago and Boston have plans to roll out the standard soon. The city of Ottawa also used the LIVES specification for their Public Health Inspection data
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Standards aims to be used widely in cities across America. Can be applied easily across municipalities
  • Stakeholder Participation: Partnership between public and private sector
  • Consensus-based Governance: Doesn't utilize a mailing list or host an issue tracker so that the public can contribute to the standard's development
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: Standard dictates that data should be stored in tabular form. According to this standard, data is stored in CSVs condensed in a zip file. Business and Inspections CSV files are required. Violations, Feed Info, and Legend CSV files are optional. Business CSV contains information about the business while the Inspections CSV file contains information about inspection history for that establishment. Both required field of business id as unique identifiers
  • Human Readable: Standard utilizes human readable identifiers for the data
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Standard requires data of health inspection within the inspections file
  • Metadata: Feed information' and 'score legend' CSV files act as a form of metadata
Added to directory: 2016-08-01
Transit Communications Interface Profiles (TCIP)TransportationReal-Time TransitHardware
American Public Transportation Association (APTA)
| Version: 5.0.1
Cities use TCIP to structure their real-time public transit data
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: APTA is a non-profit organization that supports improvements in public transportation throughout the USA. APTA has published several standards for public transportation over the years
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-03-01
  • Level of Use: City of Montreal and several cities within the USA have adopted TCIP. There is not formal list of all cities that have adopted this standard. As of 2013, vendors are the main users of TCIP
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: National Transit Institute provides the 'Transit Communications Inteface Profiles (TCIP) Standard Development Program.' This TCIP training provides classes to help ease the adoption of TCIP. APTA also provides the downloadable 'TCIP Implementation, Requirements and Capabilities Editor (TIRCE)'
  • Stakeholder Participation: Technical working groups composed of transit agency staff and representatives from vendors were the ones to develop TCIP (Reed 2013)
  • Consensus-based Governance: APTA allows users of the standard to add comments
  • Extensions: Cities have the availability to modify parts of the standard to meet their needs. For example, the New York City MTA modified TCIP's specifications (Reed 2013)
  • Machine Readable: Data is stored in zipped MS Word document files (.doc), which are not machine readable, but data can be also stored in XML
  • Human Readable: Lots of documentation regarding the standard, including definitions
  • Requires Real-Time Data: As the specification is primarily for real-time public transit data, it requires the data to be real-time
  • Metadata: TCIP data is organized into the following building blocks: Dialog Patterns, Dialogs, Messages, Frames, Elements, File Transfers). The Messages block allows for metadata. Also, there is a metadata field for TCIP artifacts
Added to directory: 2017-08-30
Checkbook NYCFinanceExpenditureProcurement ContractsAnnual Budget
REI Systems, NYC Comptroller's Office
| Version: 2
This application is highly detailed and allows you to customize the data yourself in order to visualize NYC budget, expenditure, revenue, and contract data. The application has information about W/MBE (Women/Minority Business Enterprise). It was based on the USASpending.gov model (for federal budget and expense information). Can export the raw data through API's controllers
Details
  • License: GNU Affero General Public License, version 3.0
  • About the Publisher: REI Systems have contributed to building open source government websites. REI teamed up with state workers at the NYC Comptroller's office to create Checkbook NYC
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-08-08
  • Level of Use: Limited to NYC
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Adapted from the city's central Financial Management System (FMS) software. Hope to develop a web-based application to 'create something that other cities might be willing to share the cost of maintaining and improving'
  • Stakeholder Participation: NYC Comptroller office leads in the implementation and development of the standard
  • Consensus-based Governance: Application source code is posted to GitHub. Have the option to pull requests and post issues. API open source software is posted to GitHub. Anyone can participate by pulling requests and contributing to the issue tracker on GitHub
  • Extensions: API extended to include a featured dashboard. Dashboard provides highly detailed information about contract/spending data
  • Machine Readable: API displays the financial data in a web-based dashboard
  • Human Readable: Dashboard embedded in HTML web page. HTML code includes metadata and resource identifiers
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Up to date by yearly quarter
  • Metadata: HTML web page that hosts the API includes metadata
Added to directory: 2016-08-01
General Bikeshare Feed Specification (GBFS)TransportationBikeshare
North American Bikeshare Systems Association (NABSA)
| Version: 1
Provides real-time information for bikeshare systems, such as number of available docks or bikes per station. Apps such as Transit can easily incorporate bikeshare station locations and statuses across participating cities
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution 3.0
  • About the Publisher: No information
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-09-08
  • Level of Use: Currently used by 50 bikeshare operators, mostly in the US.
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: JSON format includes a root page on a gbfs domain with auto-discoverable links to JSON files
  • Stakeholder Participation: Stakeholders can collaborate and communicate on Github
  • Consensus-based Governance: Documentation is completely open on Github
  • Extensions: Possible future enhancements such as distinguishing between multiple bike types in a system were proposed but do not fit into the current specification
  • Machine Readable: JSON only
  • Human Readable: Standard uses long, descriptive attribute names. Root page includes links and names for all the feeds provided by the operator
  • Requires Real-Time Data: First two attributes in JSON are last_updated in epoch time, and ttl, which specifies the number of seconds until the data will be updated
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-05-24
House FactsBuildingsBuilding Inspections
Dr. Rajiv Bhatia
| Version: 0.2.3
The House Facts data standard is a uniform format for reporting government data on the operation, safety, and performance of residential buildings.
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivaives 4.0 International License
  • About the Publisher: Rajiv Bhatia is a physician of social and preventative medicine and the former Director of Environmental Health for City of San Francisco. His company, The Civic Engine, maintains the standard along with Accela, Code For America, Civic Insight, and Socrata.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-07-15
  • Level of Use: San Francisco and Kansas City
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The House Facts Standard was created by the City of San Francisco with the goal of it becoming a standard for use in other jurisdictions.
  • Stakeholder Participation: Technical working group on Google platform composed of several agencies including The Civic Engine, Code for America, and Socrata
  • Consensus-based Governance: An old version of the specification is posted on GitHub. Unclear whether changes made there are relevant
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: CSV files with standard names and headers are saved in a .zip file
  • Human Readable: CSV headers are sensibly named, and descriptive documentation is provided
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Specifies the date of most recent inspection
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-06-05
360 GivingFinancePhilanthropy
360 Giving
| Version: 1
360Giving aims to help UK grant makers and philanthropists to publish their grant information online in an easy to use way
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: 360 Giving is a registered charity with a non-profit operating model focused solely on developing and promoting adoption of a data standard for charitable grants and donations
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-05-18
  • Level of Use: High level of use within the UK
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Although the intended users of this standard are in the UK, the standard can specify activity in any country, and funding from any source or in any currency. The standard uses ISO codes for countries, currencies, and dates. Some of the geography codes are UK-specific.
  • Stakeholder Participation: The employees and board of directors at 360Giving are all associated with either the Open Data sector or the charity and government funding sector
  • Consensus-based Governance: Standard and documentation is maintained on GitHub, with many contributors
  • Extensions: 360 Giving is encouraging users to follow a template for the schema, implying that all users should have identical fields
  • Machine Readable: JSON or CSV format is specified
  • Human Readable: Any coded variables in the schema are accompanied by a plaintext description (e.g. ISO codes for currencies)
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Grants and donations are one-time events, which are documented individually. Repeat transactions between parties are stored in an organized manner in the GrantNav tool
  • Metadata: The standard uses several standard codes in addition to ISOs, such as an organisation identifier that is specified on their website
Added to directory: 2017-06-13
Waste Service StandardsServicesSanitation
Local Digital Coalition
| Version: 1
Digital standard data and API structure for exchanging waste service data
Details
  • License: MIT
  • About the Publisher: The Local Digital Coalition is a publicly funded entity that helps local municipalities adopt collaborative digital standards to increase efficiency
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-03-01
  • Level of Use: Low. Takeup has not been significant due to lack of resources
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Specification is general, but address format may be specific to UK addresses
  • Stakeholder Participation: 5 UK councils participated in development. Standard is now managed by a coalition group
  • Consensus-based Governance: Documentation and Samples are on GitHub, but there appears to be only one contributor
  • Extensions: Ontology allows for additional terms, and related software projects such as report-a-missed-bin have ben undertaken by participating municipalities
  • Machine Readable: API specification is in RAML format
  • Human Readable: API specification is in RAML format
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Specifies last_collection event as well as next scheduled collection
  • Metadata: Specification also includes a structure for addresses, which uses the Land Registry BS7666 type
Added to directory: 2017-06-13
Application Tracking Data Interchange Specification (ATDIS)BuildingsBuilding Permits
OpenAustralia Foundation
| Version: 1.0.2
ATDIS includes a schema for describing planning applications. An API format is also specified for feeds of the database of planning applications
Details
  • License: MIT
  • About the Publisher: The OpenAustralia Foundation is a charity whose goal is improving democracy and transparency in Australia. They do so by creating technology to allow Australians to understand and participate in government activity
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-03-21
  • Level of Use: Used by all councils in New South Wales, expanding to the rest of Australia
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Although designed for use in Australian municipalities, structure and element names are globally transferable
  • Stakeholder Participation: Partnership between Open Australia Foundation and government of New South Wales
  • Consensus-based Governance: Changes are welcome through commits on their GitHub page
  • Extensions: The specification for the feed structure includes a block for optional extended record types
  • Machine Readable: REST feeds are either in JSON or XML format
  • Human Readable: JSON format is the default for the REST API
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Feed includes the most up to date entries in the database
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-06-19
Open311 GeoReport BulkPublic FacilitiesService Requests
OpenPlans
| Version: No information
Data format for publishing bulk datasets of service requests; datasets that would otherwise be too bulky for an API request.
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: OpenPlans is a non-profit, technology based organization that aims to open up government data and improve public transportation systems
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-01-02
  • Level of Use: Cities: Bloomington,IN, Louisville, KY San Diego, CA. Development Stage: Raleigh, NC, Kansas City, MO
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: GeoReport has been adopted in various jurisdictions across the US. The OPEN311 does not specify the codes, making it possible for the API to be applied to whatever civic services specifically offered in that city
  • Stakeholder Participation: Collaboration between developers, government, and nonprofit organizations
  • Consensus-based Governance: The public can contribute to the standard's 'issue tracker' on GitHub and edit the open311 Wiki
  • Extensions: It is recommended to adhere strictly to the specification
  • Machine Readable: Bulk datasets are downloadable in CSV or another machine-readable format
  • Human Readable: Open311 follows the REST schema and uses human readable identifiers to label the data
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Full datasets usually published annually, with a current year dataset also available
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-06-19
Statistical Data and Metadata eXchange (SDMX)MetadataOntology
SDMX
| Version: 2.1
SDMX is an ISO standard designed to describe statistical data and metadata, normalise their exchange, and improve their efficient sharing across statistical and similar organisations. It provides an integrated approach to facilitating statistical data and metadata exchange, enabling interoperable implementations within and between systems concerned with the exchange, reporting and dissemination of statistical data and their related meta-information. SDMX documentation consists of technical standards (including the Information Model), statistical guidelines, and an IT architecture
Details
  • License: Free License
  • About the Publisher: SDMX is sponsored by seven international organisations including the Bank for International Settlements (BIS), the European Central Bank (ECB), Eurostat (Statistical Office of the European Union), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the United Nations Statistical Division (UNSD), and the World Bank. These organisations are the main players at world and regional levels in the collection of official statistics in a large variety of domains (agriculture statistics, economic and financial statistics, social statistics, environment statistics etc.).
  • Updated by Publisher: 2011-04-01
  • Level of Use: Many implementations of SDMX worldwide by national and international statistical organizations
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This standard can be used to share metadata universally.
  • Stakeholder Participation: SDMX is a collaboration of seven international organizations
  • Consensus-based Governance: No information
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: SDMX message formats have two basic expressions, SDMX-ML (using XML syntax) and SDMX-EDI (using EDIFACT syntax and based on the GESMES/TS statistical message).
  • Human Readable: No information
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Some datasets require up-to-date data to increase the timeliness of statistics collection, exchange, and dissemination
  • Metadata: All metadata is fully described in the SDMX information model to make the data meaningul and process them. Metadata is a priority of SDMX
Added to directory: 2017-07-21
Akoma NtosoLegislatureLegislatureMetadata
OASIS
| Version: 3.0
Akoma Ntoso (Architecture for Knowledge-Oriented Management of African Normative Texts using Open Standards and Ontologies) introduces common structures and ontologies for parliamentary, legislative and judiciary documents. These include parliamentary debates, committee briefs, and the entire life-cycle of a piece of legislation
Details
  • License: GNU General Public License 3.0
  • About the Publisher: OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) is a nonprofit organization that develops and promotes the use of standards in the a wide range of fields. Akoma Ntoso is part of the Africa i-Parliaments Plan, implemented by a UN committee, which seeks to increase transparency in African democracies. Akoma Ntoso means linked hearts in the Akan language
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-03-30
  • Level of Use: Detailed List: http://www.akomantoso.org/akoma-ntoso-in-detail/use-cases/
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: The standard is designed to be general and applicable to all governments with parliamentary, legislative, and judiciary procedures
  • Stakeholder Participation: Technical committee headed by a legal studies professor and computer science professor from University of Bologna, as well as an employee of the Uruguayan parliament
  • Consensus-based Governance: Akoma Ntoso working group exists on Google Groups. Guidelines for contributions are also specified in the GitHub Repository
  • Extensions: Akoma Ntoso website has a page on How to customize Akoma Ntoso
  • Machine Readable: XML schema
  • Human Readable: Sections of text normally expressed as paragraphs are split up by line in the XML. Legal docs are visually better represented as PDFs
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Akoma Ntoso items are static, referring to a document or legislative proceeding
  • Metadata: All Akoma Ntoso items are mapped to specific Dublin Core or FOAF properties
Added to directory: 2017-06-27
Human Service Data Specification (HSDS)ServicesSocial Services
Open Referral
| Version: 1.1
HSDS is a format for exchanging data regarding health, human, and social services. Its purpose is to facilitate the exchange of resource directory data across many information channels, in order to make it easier to share, find, and use information about the resources available to people in need.
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: Open Referral is an independent community of practice of people working to improve the flow of information about resources available for people in need.
  • Updated by Publisher: 2017-03-01
  • Level of Use: Used primarily by nonprofit organizations and their technology vendors, with some initial adoption by governments and a considerable amount of political support from governments.
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Open Referral emerged in the US but addresses a nearly-universal problem, with several implementations in other countries already underway.
  • Stakeholder Participation: No information
  • Consensus-based Governance: No information
  • Extensions: Extensions are encouraged for information that is particularly relevant for specific subdomains (such as legal services)
  • Machine Readable: JSON datapackage, plus emerging API spec
  • Human Readable: Readable JSON
  • Requires Real-Time Data: This is a core design requirement for the specification to ensure accuracy of data.
  • Metadata: No information
Added to directory: 2017-06-23
eXtensible Business Reporting Language (xBRL)FinanceBusinessMetadata
XBRL
| Version: 2.1
xBRL consists of formats for different kinds of business documents, such as financial statements, performance reports, or compliance reports. The standard formats allow the documents to be transmitted and parsed between entities easily
Details
  • License: Copyright XBRL International
  • About the Publisher: XBRL International is a non-profit consortium committed to improving business reporting in the public interest by maintaining a standard format for exchanging reports
  • Updated by Publisher: 2013-02-20
  • Level of Use: Used by national and international financial agencies such as the FDIC. Also used by many international corporations
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: xBRL was created to be used by businesses worldwide
  • Stakeholder Participation: The XBRL Consortium has a portal for contributing to the standard and otherwise getting involved in XBRL work
  • Consensus-based Governance: Many large working groups contribute to different aspects of the standard and its extensions
  • Extensions: Extensibility is included as a design principle. A Link Role Registry exists for users to share additional roles for reuse
  • Machine Readable: XML schema
  • Human Readable: Data values are often coded
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Reports are encoded and transmitted case-by-case
  • Metadata: Includes reference to xbrl.org instance and w3.org instance
Added to directory: 2017-06-19
Results Data Spec Version 2ElectionsElection Results
OpenElections
| Version: 2
Specification standardizes US election data at the state level
Details
  • License: No information
  • About the Publisher: OpenElection's objective is to make a standardized, comprehensive, and linked set of election data in the USA at both the federal and state levels. OpenElection is supported by the John S. and James L. Knight Foundation's Knight News Challenge
  • Updated by Publisher: 2013-05-29
  • Level of Use: Oregon, USA
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: Standard is limited to the USA at the state and county levels currently
  • Stakeholder Participation: OpenElections is the sole authority of the standard's development. Publishers accept source code and official results contributions from volunteers from the public
  • Consensus-based Governance: The specification utilizes Google Groups to discuss the development of the specification. It also hosts an issue tracker on GitHub
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: Standard supports JSON and CSV formats. Specification's content is broken up into election data and election results
  • Human Readable: Standard has field identifiers
  • Requires Real-Time Data: OpenElections does not have the infrastructure or funding to handle real time data for election results
  • Metadata: OpenElections is working on an Metadata API to compliment the specification.
Added to directory: 2017-07-09
Common Alerting Protocol (CAP)ServicesEmergency
OASIS
| Version: 1.2
The Common Alerting Protocol (CAP) is a simple but general format for exchanging all-hazard emergency alerts and public warnings over all kinds of networks. CAP allows a consistent warning message to be disseminated simultaneously over many different warning systems, thus increasing warning effectiveness while simplifying the warning task. CAP also facilitates the detection of emerging patterns in local warnings of various kinds, such as might indicate an undetected hazard or hostile act.
Details
  • License: Copyright OASIS
  • About the Publisher: OASIS (Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards) is a nonprofit organization that develops and promotes the use of standards in the a wide range of fields. The non-profit Partnership for Public Warning sponsored the CAP submission to the OASIS standards process
  • Updated by Publisher: 2010-06-01
  • Level of Use: Used by public alerting agencies worldwide, and many countries have developed variations on the standard specific to their needs. The International Telecommunications Union has named CAP as a recommended format for exchanging all-hazard emergency alerts since 2007
  • Open License: No
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: CAP was designed to be used internationally, and does not require data specific to any jurisdiction
  • Stakeholder Participation: The technical working group for CAP consists of members of the emergency management and response community
  • Consensus-based Governance: No method for contribution
  • Extensions: Extensibility was one of the main requirements when designing the standard. Countries have created their own variations of CAP, such as CAP Canadian Profile, which addresses Canadian needs such as bilingualism and Canadian geocoding
  • Machine Readable: XML schema
  • Human Readable: Data values are not coded and entries contain plaintext descriptions
  • Requires Real-Time Data: Feeds are headed by an http request timestamp
  • Metadata: Header contains metadata such as alerting.net namespace and Atom syndication format
Added to directory: 2017-06-19
Air QualityEnvironmentOntologyAir
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.1
Calidad del aire is an ontology for describing air quality in a city. Classes include carbon monoxide, wind direction, ozone, and temperature
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2016-02-25
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain in accordance with the Spanish Law of Noise. Classes are cross-referenced bilingually
  • Stakeholder Participation: Contributors besides Oscar Corcho (OEG) are not specified
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: Although no OWL schema is provided, this vocabulary is cross-referenced with existing ontologies according to its documentation
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Namespaces used are declared in section 1.1 of the documentation
Added to directory: 2017-08-30
Spanish Postal AddressesGeospatialOntologyAddress Points
The Ontology Engineering Group
| Version: 0.2
Vocabulario para la representación de direcciones postales en España is an ontology for describing address locations in Spain.
Details
  • License: Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 International
  • About the Publisher: The Ontology Engineering Group is based at the Computer Science School at Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. It is widely recognised in Europe in the areas of Ontology Engineering, Semantic Infrastructure, Linked Data, and Data Integration. Oscar Corcho has collaborated with members of Spanish city councils and other Spanish organizations to draft vocabularies for linked open data
  • Updated by Publisher: 2014-04-28
  • Level of Use: No information
  • Open License: Yes
  • Transferable to other Jurisdictions: This vocabulary is intended to be used by municipalities across Spain, but could be transferable. Data class and property names that are not inherited are in Spanish
  • Stakeholder Participation: Contributors are not specified
  • Consensus-based Governance: No way for the public and interested parties to contribute to the development of vocabularies
  • Extensions: No information
  • Machine Readable: An OWL schema is provided
  • Human Readable: An HTML documentation page makes the ontology schema human-readable
  • Requires Real-Time Data: No information
  • Metadata: Extends schema.org vcard ontology
Added to directory: 2017-08-29